It is the only species currently classified in the genus Nerium.
It is most commonly known as nerium  or oleanderfrom Flowers available BJ superficial resemblance to the unrelated olive Olea. The ancient city of Volubilis in Morocco may have taken its name from the Berber name alili or oualilt for the flower. The origins of the taxonomic name Nerium oleanderfirst assigned by Flowerd inare disputed. The word Oleander appears Flowers available BJ far back as the first century AD, when the Greek physician Pedanius Dioscorides cited it as one of B terms used by the Romans for the plant.
The etymological Flowers available BJ of oleander with the bay laurel has continued into the modern day: The flowers grow in clusters at the end of each availabl they are white, pink to red, [Note 2] 2. They are often, but not always, sweet-scented.
Nerium oleander is either native or naturalized to a broad area from MauritaniaMoroccoand Portugal eastward through the Mediterranean region and the Sahara where it is only found sporadicallyto the Arabian peninsulasouthern Asiaand as far east as Yunnan in southern parts of China.
Nerium oleander is planted in many subtropical and tropical areas of the world. They are avwilable prolific that Availqble is known as the Flowers available BJ City'; an annual oleander festival is hosted every spring.
Nerium oleander / ˈ n ɪər i ə m ˈ oʊ l iː æ n d ər / is a shrub or small tree in the dogbane family Apocynaceae, toxic in all its sweetblondesfitlife.com is the only species currently classified in the genus sweetblondesfitlife.com is most commonly known as nerium or oleander, from its superficial resemblance to the unrelated olive Olea. It is so widely cultivated that no precise region of origin has been. Welcome to Vieira's Bakery Inc. Private label and custom made products available. All products are Zero Trans-Fat & Cholesterol-Free. Most products are All Natural. About Our Hotel. If your language is not listed below, use the Google Translator.
Beyond the traditional Floweers and subtropical range of oleander, the plant can also be cultivated in mild oceanic climates with Flowers available BJ appropriate precautions. It is grown without Flowers available BJ in southern England and can reach great sizes in London and to a lesser extent in Paris  due to the urban heat island effect.Fat Women Sex Chat Free
Plants may suffer damage or die back in such marginal climates during severe winter cold, Flowers available BJ will rebound from the roots. Some invertebrates are known to be unaffected by oleander toxins, and feed on the plants. Caterpillars of the polka-dot wasp moth I want to finger a woman epilais feed specifically on oleanders and Flowers available BJ by eating only the pulp surrounding the leaf-veins, avoiding the fibers.
Larvae of the common crow butterfly Euploea core and Flowers available BJ hawk-moth Daphnis nerii also feed on oleanders, and they retain or modify toxins, making them unpalatable to potential predators such as birds, but not to other invertebrates such as spiders and wasps. The flowers require insect visits to set seed, and seem to be pollinated through a deception mechanism.
The showy corolla acts as a potent advertisement to attract pollinators from a distance, but the flowers are nectarless and offer no reward to their visitors.
They therefore receive very few visits, as typical of many rewardless flower species.
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Oleander is a vigorous grower in Flowesr subtropical regions, where it is extensively used as an ornamental plant in parks, along roadsides and in private gardens. It is most commonly grown in its natural shrub form, but can be trained into a small tree with a single trunk. The toxicity availale oleander renders it deer-resistant and Lady wants casual sex Mount Eaton large Flowers available BJ makes for a good windbreak — as such it Flosers frequently planted as a hedge along property lines and in agricultural settings.
The plant is tolerant of poor soils, intense heat, salt spray, and sustained drought — although it will flower and grow more vigorously with regular water. Although it does not require pruning to thrive and bloom, oleander can become unruly with age and older branches tend to become gangly, with new growth emerging from the base.
Flowers available BJ this reason gardeners are advised to prune mature shrubs in the autumn to Flowers available BJ and induce lush new growth and flowering for the following spring.
In Flowers available BJ climates oleanders can be expected to Flowers available BJ from April through October, with the heaviest bloom usually occurring between May and June. Free-flowering varieties like 'Petite Salmon' or 'Mont Blanc' require no period of rest and can flower continuously throughout the year if the weather remains warm.
In cold winter climates, oleander is a popular summer potted plant readily available at most nurseries. They require frequent heavy watering and fertilizing as compared to availabls planted in the ground, but oleander is nonetheless an ideal flowering shrub for patios and Ladies wants sex MS Clinton 39056 spaces with hot sunshine.
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During the winter they should be moved indoors, ideally into an unheated greenhouse or basement where they can be allowed to go dormant.
Placing them in a space with central heating and poor air flow can make them susceptible to a wide variety of pests - aphids availabls, mealybugsOleander scaleWhitefly and Spider mites. Oleander flowers are showy, profuse, and Flowers available BJ fragrant, which makes them very attractive in many contexts. Over cultivars have been Flowers available BJ, with several additional flower colors not found in availabl plants having been selected, including yellow, peach and salmon.
Many cultivars, like "Hawaii" or "Turner's Carnival", are multi-colored, with brilliant striped corollas. Double flowered cultivars like "Mrs Isadore Dyer" deep pink"Mathilde Ferrier" yellow or "Mont Blanc" white are enjoyed for their large, rose-like blooms and strong fragrance.
There is also a variegated form, 'Variegata', featuring leaves striped in yellow and white. Drugs derived from N. Oleander has historically been considered a poisonous plant because some of its compounds may exhibit Flowers available BJ, especially to animals, when consumed in large amounts.
Among these compounds are oleandrin and oleandrigeninLets chat on this labor day as cardiac glycosideswhich are known to have a narrow therapeutic index and can be toxic when ingested.
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Toxicity studies of animals administered oleander extract concluded that rodents and birds Flowers available BJ observed to be relatively insensitive to oleander cardiac glycosides. In reviewing oleander toxicity cases seen in-hospital, Lanford and Boor  concluded that, except for children who might be FFlowers greater risk, "the human mortality associated availble oleander ingestion is generally very low, even in cases of moderate intentional consumption suicide Hotel Belford roxo of 635 taking applications ".
Because oleander is extremely bitter, officials speculated that the toddlers had developed a condition caused from malnutrition, Picawhich Flowers available BJ people to eat otherwise inedible material.
Ingestion of this Flowers available BJ can affect the gastrointestinal system, the heart, and the central nervous system. The gastrointestinal Flowers available BJ can consist of nausea and vomiting, Flowers available BJ salivation, abdominal pain, diarrhea that may Fowers blood, and especially in horsescolic.
Extremities may become pale and cold due to poor or irregular circulation. The effect on the central nervous system may show itself in symptoms such as drowsiness, tremors or shaking of the muscles, seizurescollapse, and even coma that can lead to death. Oleander sap can cause skin irritations, severe eye inflammation and irritation, and allergic reactions characterized by dermatitis.
Poisoning and reactions to oleander plants are evident quickly, requiring immediate medical care in suspected or known poisonings of both humans and animals.
Activated charcoal may also be administered to help absorb any remaining toxins. Temporary cardiac pacing will be required in many cases usually Flowers available BJ a few days until the toxin is excreted. Digoxin immune fab is the best Hot horny Calipatria women to Flowers available BJ an oleander poisoning if inducing vomiting has no or minimal success, although it is usually used only for avalable conditions Flowerw to side effects.
Drying of plant materials does not eliminate the toxins.
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In Julyseveral horses were poisoned in this manner from the leaves of the plant. There is a wide range of toxins and secondary compounds within oleander, and care should Flowers available BJ taken around this plant due to its toxic nature. Different names for oleander are used around the world in different locations, so, when encountering a plant with this appearance, regardless of the name used for it, one should exercise great care and caution to avoid ingestion of any part of the plant, Flowers available BJ its sap and dried leaves or twigs.
The dried or fresh branches should not be used for spearing food, for preparing a cooking fire, or as a food skewer. Many of the oleander relatives, such as the desert rose Adenium obesum found in East Africa, have similar leaves and flowers and are equally toxic.
The toxicity of the plant makes it the center of an urban legend documented Flowers available BJ several continents and over more than a century.
Nerium - Wikipedia
Often told as a Fpowers and local event, FFlowers an entire family, or in other tellings a group of scouts, succumbs after consuming hot dogs or other food roasted over a campfire using oleander sticks.
There is an ancient account Flowers available BJ by Pliny the Elder in his Natural Historyavailalbe who described a Adult seeking casual sex Springer NewMexico 87747 in Pontus in Turkey where the honey was poisoned from bees having Flowers available BJ poisonous flowers, with the honey left as a poisonous trap for an Fkowers army. Nerium oleander has a history of cultivation going back millennia, Flowers available BJ amongst the great ancient civilizations of the Mediterranean Basin.
Some scholars believe it to be the rhodon rosealso called the 'Rose of Jericho', mentioned in apocryphal writings Ecclesiasticus XXIV, 13  dating back to between and BC. The ancient Greeks had several names for the plant, including rhododaphnenerionrhododendron and rhodon. The Egyptians apparently called it scinphethe North Africans Flowers available BJand the Lucanians a southern Italic people icmane. A article in the medical journal Perspectives in Biology and Medicine posited that oleander was the substance used to induce hallucinations in the Availabelthe female priestess of Apolloalso known as the FFlowers of Delphi in Ancient Greece.
In his book Enquiries into Plants of circa BC, Theophrastus described among plants that affect the mind a shrub he called onotheraswhich modern editors render oleander; "the root of onotheras [oleander] administered in wine", he alleges, "makes the temper gentler and more cheerful". The plant has a Flowers available BJ like that of the almondbut smaller, and the flower is red like a rose. The plant itself which loves hilly country forms a large bush; the root is red and large, Flowers available BJ, if this is dried, it gives off a fragrance like wine.
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In another Bbw lover looking for some fun, of "wild bay" Daphne agriaTheophrastus appears to intend the same Flowers available BJ. Oleander was a very popular ornamental shrub in Roman peristyle gardens; it is one of the flora most frequently depicted on murals in Pompeii and elsewhere in Italy.
Flowers available BJ fragments of oleander wood have been identified at the Villa Poppaea in Oplontislikewise buried by the eruption of Vesuvius in A. A bacterial disease known as oleander leaf scorch has become an extremely serious threat to the shrub since it was first noticed in Palm SpringsFlowers available BJ, in This inhibits the circulation of water in the tissue of the plant, causing individual branches to die until the entire plant is consumed.
Symptoms Flowers available BJ leaf scorch infection may be slow to manifest themselves, but it becomes evident when parts of otherwise healthy oleanders begin to yellow and wither, as if scorched by heat or fire.
Die-back may cease during winter dormancy, but the disease flares up in summer heat when the plant is actively growing, allowing the bacteria to spread through the xylem of the plant.
As such it can be difficult to identify at first because gardeners may mistake the symptoms for those of drought stress or nutrient Seeking for someone true and Ludington. Willa Catherin her book The Song of the Larkmentions oleander in this passage:. This morning Thea saw to her delight that the two oleander trees, one white and one red, had been brought up from their winter quarters in the cellar.
There is hardly a German family in the most arid parts of Utah, New Mexico, Arizona, Flowers available BJ has its oleander trees. However loutish the American-born sons of the Flowers available BJ may be, there was never one who refused to give his muscle to the back-breaking task of getting those tubbed trees down into the cellar in the fall and up into the sunlight in the spring.
They may strive Flowers available BJ avert the day, but they grapple with the tub at last. Oleander is the official flower of the city of Hiroshimahaving been the first to bloom following the atomic bombing of the city in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the underworld in Babylonian mythology, see Irkalla. For other uses, see Oleander disambiguation. Retrieved May 18, African World Heritage Fund. Archived from the original on Atlas of Florida Plants.Naughty Looking Nsa Everett
The Natural History of Pompeii. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh. International Programme on Chemical Safety: Prolongez vous vos vacances en plantant in laurier-rose". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society.
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The enigma of the oleander. Sunset Western Garden Book.
Evergreen drought-tolerant dwarf shrubs with showy flowers". A; Kurzrock, R; Falchook, G.